Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
(a)Basis of Presentation
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All intercompany transactions and balances between the various legal entities comprising the Company have been eliminated in consolidation. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by U.S. GAAP can be condensed or omitted. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial information. These interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022, or for any other interim period or for any other future year.
(b)Emerging Growth Company
The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies. Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.
(c)Use of Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. The Company bases these estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates. Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements include, but are not limited to, useful lives of property, plant and equipment, net, leases, income taxes including deferred tax assets and liabilities and impairment valuation, assumptions included in the valuation of the stock-based awards, assumptions included in the valuation of the Company’s common stock, contingencies, and contract losses for cost estimates-to-complete.

The Company recognizes revenue when control of the promised goods and services is transferred to our customers in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for those services. The Company’s launch service revenue contracts have been fixed-price contracts. To the extent actual costs vary from the cost upon which the price was negotiated, the Company will generate variable levels of profit or could incur a loss.
For promised goods, revenue is recognized net of any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.
Launch Services
Small satellite launch operations revenue is recognized for providing customer launch services. The Company’s launch service contracts generally consisting of multiple launches with each launch being allocated a fixed price and identified as distinct performance obligations. Revenue for each launch service is recognized at a point in time when the performance obligation is complete, which is typically at the point of launch. When the Company determines it is probable that costs to provide the services stipulated by the launch services agreement will exceed the allocated fixed price for each launch, the Company records a provision for the contract loss. Contract losses are recorded at the contract level and are recognized when known. To the extent the contract loss provision is less than the accumulated costs to fulfill the contracts, the Company records the provision net of inventory and net of contract assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Launch service revenue was $1.8 million and $4.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Of the launch service revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021, $4.6 million was related to a single customer.
Engineering Services
Engineering services revenue contracts obligate the Company to provide primarily research and studies services that together are one distinct performance obligation; the delivery of engineering services. The Company elected to apply the “as-invoiced” practical expedient to such revenues, and as a result, will bypass estimating the variable transaction price. Revenue is recognized as control of the performance obligation is transferred over time to the customer. Engineering services revenue was $0.30 million and $0.04 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Contract Balances
Contract assets are comprised of billed accounts receivable and unbilled receivables, which is the result of timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections. Amounts are generally billed as work progresses in accordance with agreed-upon milestones. The Company records accounts receivable when it has an unconditional right to consideration. Contract assets are classified as current if the invoice will be delivered to the customer within the succeeding 12-month period with the remaining recorded as long-term.
In addition, the Company evaluates whether or not it should capitalize the costs of fulfilling a contract. Such costs would be capitalized when they are not within the scope of other standards and: (1) are directly related to a contract; (2) generate or enhance resources that will be used to satisfy performance obligations; and (3) are expected to be recovered.
The Company began capitalizing contract costs associated with specific launch services contracts with customers as the Company determined technological feasibility was reached upon the Company’s successful demo launch in January 2021. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company recorded $3.3 million and $3.1 million, respectively, of contract assets, included in prepaid expenses and other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
The Company has not incurred incremental costs for obtaining our contracts with customers.

Contract liabilities primarily relate to small satellite launch operations and are recorded when cash payments are received or due in advance of performance. Cash payments for small satellite launch services are classified as customer deposits until enforceable rights and obligations exist, when such deposits also become nonrefundable. Customer deposits become nonrefundable and are recorded as non-current deferred revenue following the Company’s delivery of the conditions of carriage to the customer and execution of an informed consent. Non-current deferred revenue was $23.3 million and $29.0 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Current deferred revenue was $19.1 million and $12.2 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Payment terms vary by customer and type of revenue contract. The Company generally expects that the period of time between payment and transfer of promised goods or services will be less than one year. In such instances, the Company has elected the practical expedient to not evaluate whether a significant financing component exists.

These individual contract assets and liabilities are reported in a net position on a contract-by-contract basis on the condensed consolidated balance sheets at the end of each reporting period.
Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations are committed and represent non-cancellable contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized and will be recognized as revenue in future periods. Some contracts allow customers to cancel the contracts without a significant penalty if the Company’s launches are delayed beyond a specified period or if the Company does not achieve certain milestones, and the cancellable amount of contract value is not included in the remaining performance obligations.
As of March 31, 2022, the Company has seven launch services and two engineering services revenue contracts for which it expects to transfer all remaining performance obligations to the customer by the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024. The Company does not disclose information about remaining performance obligations for (a) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, (b) revenues recognized at the amount at which it has the right to invoice for services performed, or (c) variable consideration allocated to wholly unsatisfied performance obligations.
(e)Cost of Revenue
Cost of revenue related to launch services and engineering services consists of expenses related to materials and human capital, such as payroll and benefits. As the Company determined technological feasibility was reached upon the Company’s successful demo launch in January 2021, the Company began capitalizing costs for the production of the Company’s rockets for the year ended March 31, 2022, and has subsequently charged to cost of revenue the cost for rocket manufacturing including materials, labor and related mission launch costs including fuel, payroll and benefits for our launch and flight operations as well as the depreciation of the Company’s uniquely portable and reusable launch stage, Cosmic Girl (“Cosmic Girl”), facilities and equipment and other allocated overhead expenses. The costs of revenue were $17.4 million and $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. As described in Note 16. Commitments and Contingencies, the Company has recorded a provision for contract losses of $11.6 million, with $5.8 million as a reduction of inventory during the year ended March 31, 2022 and the provision for contract losses outstanding related to the remaining launches for these other customers of $0.6 million, with $0.2 million as a reduction of contract assets as of December 31, 2021. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, the depreciation expense of Cosmic Girl was charged to selling, general and administrative expense upon reaching technological feasibility and the portion attributed during the launch campaign was charged to cost of revenue.
(f)Warrant Liability

The Company accounts for the warrants assumed in connection with the Business Combination in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, under which the warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as liabilities. Accordingly, the Company classifies the warrants as liabilities at their fair value and adjust the warrants to fair value at each reporting period. This liability is subject to remeasurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

(g)Other Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no other significant changes from the significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the
fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 31, 2021, as amended (the “2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K”).
The interim financial information is unaudited, but reflects all normal recurring adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to fairly present the information set forth herein. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year.